中国机器人产业快速发展 2019挑战与机遇并存

       

导 读

2018NIAN,WOGUOJIQIRENCHANYECHIXUJIANKANG、KUAISUFAZHAN。ZHANWANG2019NIAN,WOGUOJIQIRENCHANYEFAZHANJIYUYUTIAOZHANBINGCUN,JIYOUZHIZAOYETIZHIZENGXIAO、HUANDANGSHENGJIDEJINPOXUQIUWEIJIQIRENXINGYETIGONGLEQUANXINDONGNENG,YEYOUJINGJIXIAXINGYALIJIADA、HEXINJISHUJIDAITISHENG、GUOJIBUWENDINGYINSUZENGJIADENGBULIYINSU。ZONGTILAIKANJIYUDAYUTIAOZHAN,WOGUOJIQIRENCHANYEZHENGJINGLIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEKUAISUFAZHANJIEDUAN,CHANPINJIEGOUBUDUANYOUHUA,YINGYONGLINGYUCHIXUTUOZHAN,XINCHANPINBUDUANYONGXIAN。

一、对2019年形势的基本判断

(一)产业规模保持快速增长

XINXIJISHUKUAISUFAZHANHEHULIANWANGKUAISUPUJI,TUIDONGRENGONGZHINENGYINGLAIGAOSUFAZHANJIEDUAN,YIFANGMIANZHINENGGONGGONGFUWUJIQIRENYINGYONGCHANGJINGHEFUWUMOSHIZHENGBUDUANTUOZHAN,LINGYIFANGMIANBAOKUOGONGYEJIQIRENZAINEIDEZHINENGZHIZAOZHUANGBEIZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGYINGYONGRIQUGUANGFAN。2018NIAN1-10YUE,WOGUOGONGYEJIQIRENCHANLIANGWEI11.8WANTAO,TONGBIZENGZHANG8.7%。QIZHONG,4-6YUECHANLIANGCHENGXIAOFUDUZENGZHANGQUSHI,6YUECHANLIANGTONGBIZENGZHANG7.2%,7YUECHANLIANGXIAOFUXIAJIANG,8YUECHANLIANGYOUSUOHUISHENG,9-10YUECHANLIANGDAFUXIAJIANG,10YUECHANLIANGWEI9590TAO,TONGBIXIAJIANG3.3%。2017NIAN,WOGUOGONGYEJIQIRENSHICHANGGUIMOJIXUBAOCHIQUANQIUDIYIWEI,DADAO14.1WANTAI,TONGBIZENGZHANG58.1%。

广东11选5YUJI2019NIAN,SUIZHE《JIQIRENCHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA(2016-2020NIAN)》、《CUJINXINYIDAIRENGONGZHINENGCHANYEFAZHANSANNIANXINGDONGJIHUA(2018-2020NIAN)》、《ZHINENGZHIZAOFAZHANGUIHUA(2016-2020NIAN)》DENGZHENGCEDEJINYIBUSHISHI,ZHINENGHUAGAIZAOSHENGJIDEXUQIURIYITUXIAN,WOGUOGONGYEJIQIRENXINZHUANGJILIANGYOUWANGJIXUBAOCHIJIAOKUAISUDUZENGZHANG。TONGSHI,SUIZHERENKOULAOLINGHUAYIJIJIAZHENG、YILIAO、JIAOYU、GONGGONGANQUANDENGFANGMIANXUQIUDECHIXUWANGSHENG,WOGUOFUWUJIQIRENSHICHANGQIANLIJUDA。

(二)高附加值产品销量不断提升

广东11选52018NIANYILAI,SUIZHEWOGUOJIQIRENCHANYEDEXUNSUFAZHAN,CHANPINJIEGOUYANXUJINJINIANFAZHANTAISHI,FUJIAZHIGAODEGUOCHANDUOGUANJIEJIQIRENXIAOLIANGBUDUANTISHENG,CHANPINJIEGOUCHENGXIANYOUHUATAISHI。2017NIAN,DUOGUANJIEJIQIRENZAIZHONGGUOSHICHANGZHONGDEXIAOLIANGWEIJUSHOUWEI,QUANNIANXIAOSHOU9.1WANYUTAI,TONGBIZENGZHANG66.6%,QIZHONGGUOCHANDUOGUANJIEJIQIRENXIAOLIANGSHOUCICHAOYUEZUOBIAOXINGJIQIREN,QUANNIANLEIJIXIAOSHOU1.6WANTAI,TONGBIZENGFUDADAO35.5%。ZUOBIAOJIQIRENXIAOSHOUZONGLIANGCHAOGUO2.1WANTAI,XIAOLIANGTONGBIZENGZHANG15.4%,ZENGSUJIAOSHANGNIANJIAKUAI。SCARAJIQIRENZAIGELEIJIXINGZHONGZENGSUZUIGAO,XIAOLIANGCHENGBEIZENGZHANG。

YUJI2019NIAN,SUIZHEWOGUOJIQIRENXIANGGUANJISHUTEBIESHIFUJIAZHIGAOCHANPINJISHUDEBUDUANTISHENG,DUOGUANJIEJIQIRENCHANPINXINGNENGJIANGJINYIBUDEDAOWANSHAN。TONGSHIQIYEZISHENBUDUANJIJIYOUHUACHANPINJIEGOU、TIGAOZHIZAOSHUIPING,GUOCHANDUOGUANJIEJIQIRENXIAOLIANGJIANGJINYIBUTISHENG。

(三)应用领域不断拓展

2018NIANYILAI,GUOCHANJIQIRENYINGYONGYANXUJINJINIANTAISHI,BUDUANTUOZHANDAOXINDEYINGYONGLINGYU。GUOCHANGONGYEJIQIRENDEYINGYONGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIBANYUNYUSHANGXIALIAO、HANJIEYUQIANHAN、ZHUANGPEI、JIAGONGDENG,YIJINGCONGCHUANTONGDEQICHEZHIZAOXIANGJIXIE、DIANZI、HUAGONG、QINGGONG、CHUANBO、KUANGSHANKAICAIDENGLINGYUXUNSUTUOZHAN。2017NIAN,GUOCHANGONGYEJIQIRENYIFUWUYUGUOMINJINGJI37GEXINGYEDALEI,102GEXINGYEZHONGLEI,XIANGBI2016NIANQUANNIAN,YOUTUOZHANLE3GEXINGYEDALEI。JUTISHEJIXINGYECHULECHUANTONGDESHIPINZHIZAOYE、YIYAOZHIZAOYE、YOUSEJINSHUYELIANHEYAYANGONGYE、SHIPINZHIZAOYE、FEIJINSHUKUANGWUZHIPINYE、HUAXUEYUANLIAOHEHUAXUEZHIPINZHIZAOYE、ZHUANYONGSHEBEIZHIZAOYE、DIANQIJIXIEHEQICAIZHIZAOYE、JINSHUZHIPIN、QICHEZHIZAOYE、XIANGJIAOHESULIAOZHIPINYEDENGXINGYEWAI,HAIXINZENGLEHEISEJINSHUYELIANHEYAYANGONGYEDENGXINGYE。

YUJI2019NIAN,SUIZHEGUANJIANGANGWEIJIQIRENTIDAIGONGCHENG、ANQUANSHENGCHANSHAO(WU)RENHUAZHUANXIANGGONGCHENG、ZHINENGZHIZAOGONGCHENGHEXINDEYINGYONGSHIFANZHENGCEDEBUDUANLUOSHI,GONGYEJIQIRENDEYINGYONGLINGYUJIANGBUDUANTUOZHAN,YUJIBANYUNYUSHANGXIALIAOJIQIRENXIAOLIANGJIXUBAOCHIDIYIWEI,JUYOUJIAGONGGONGNENGDEJIQIRENJIANGYANXUKUAISUZENGZHANGTAISHI。3CZHIZAOYE、QICHEZHIZAOYEYIRANSHIGUONEICHANJIQIRENDEZHUYAOSHICHANG,BINGYOUWANGYANSHENDAOLAODONGQIANGDUDADEFANGZHI、WULIUXINGYE,WEIXIANCHENGDUGAODEGUOFANGJUNGONG、MINBAOXINGYE,DUICHANPINSHENGCHANHUANJINGJIEJINGDUYAOQIUGAODEZHIYAO、BANDAOTI、SHIPINDENGXINGYE,HEWEIHAIRENLEIJIANKANGDETAOCI、ZHIZHUANDENGXINGYE。

(四)新产品不断涌现

JINNIANLAI,JIQIRENJICHUYUQIANYANJISHUYEZAIXUNMENGFAZHAN,SHEJIGONGCHENGCAILIAO、JIXIEKONGZHI、CHUANGANQI、ZIDONGHUA、JISUANJI、SHENGMINGKEXUEDENGGEGELINGYU,DALIANGXUEKEZAIJIAOHUCUJINZHONGKUAISUFAZHAN,XINCHANPINBUDUANYONGXIAN。2018NIAN,XINSONGJIQIRENZIDONGHUAGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIDUIWAIZHANCHULEJIGUANGLUNKUODAOHANGYIDONGJIQIREN,SHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGWUXUZAIDUIJIQIRENDEHUODONGHUANJINGJINXINGERCIGAIZAO,SUODUANLESHEBEIANZHUANGZHOUQI,CHANPINDEANQUANXINGHEKEKUOZHANXINGYEDEDAOJIDATISHENG。BAOJIQINCHUANJIQIRENSHENGCHANDERVJIANSUJI,YIZIZHUKAIFALEJIANSUQIZHUANYONGCHENGTAOGONGYIZHUANGBEIHEXILIEHUACHANPIN,XINGCHENGLESIDAXILIEGONG18ZHONGXINGHAO85ZHONGGUIGE,CHENGWEILEGUONEIJIQIRENJIANSUQICHANPINXILIEZUIQUANDEGONGYINGSHANG,CHANPINXIAOWANGGUONEIWAILIANGBAIYUJIAQIYE。SUZHOULVDEXIEBOJIANSUQIWANCHENGLE2WANXIAOSHIDEJINGDUSHOUMINGCESHI,CHAOGUOLEGUOJIJIQIRENJINGDUSHOUMINGYAOQIUDE6000XIAOSHI,2018NIANXINSHENGCHANJIDITOURUSHIYONGHOUNIANCHANLIANGJINYIBUTISHENG50BEI。

ZHANWANG2019NIAN,SUIZHEWOGUOJIQIRENCHANYEDEJIANKANGFAZHAN、“ZHINENGJIQIREN”ZHONGDIANZHUANXIANGDESHENRUTUIDONG、GUOJIAJIQIRENCHUANGXINZHONGXINFAHUIZUOYONG、GAOXIAOKEYANTIZHIJIZHIGAIGEDEBUDUANSHENHUAYIJIGEJIZHENGFUDUIJIQIRENKEJIYANFADECHIXUZHICHI,XINCHANPIN、XINJISHUJIANGBUDUANQUDETUPO。

(五)国家机器人创新中心发挥作用

2018NIAN6YUE,GUOJIAJIQIRENCHUANGXINZHONGXINZAIZHONGKEYUANSHENYANGZIDONGHUAYANJIUSUOJIEPAI,SHIYISHENYANGZHINENGJIQIRENGUOJIAYANJIUYUANYOUXIANGONGSIWEIYITUO,YOUZHONGKEYUANSHENYANGZIDONGHUAYANJIUSUOQIANTOU,LIANHEHAERBINGONGYEDAXUE、XINSONGGONGSIDENGDANWEIGONGTONGSHELIDE。ZHONGXINANZHAOQIYEHUAJIZHIYUNXING,CAIYONG“GONGSI+LIANMENG”MOSHIYUNYING,QIZHONGBAOKUO14JIAGUDONGDANWEI,ZHENGHELEGUONEILONGTOUQIYE、GAOXIAOHEKEYANJIGOUDENGZHONGDIANXUEKEQUNHEKEYANJIDI。

广东11选5ZHANWANG2019NIAN,YITUOGUOJIAJIQIRENCHUANGXINZHONGXINDEJIQIRENHEXINLINGBUJIANZHONGSHIFUHUANENGLI、YINGYONGSHIFANNENGLIJIXINGYEZHICHENGFUWUNENGLIDENG,WOGUOHUIZHUBUXINGCHENGJIYANJIUKAIFA、CHENGGUOZHUANHUA、XINGYEFUWU、RENCAIPEIYANGYUYITIDEGUOJIAJIQIRENCHANYEXIETONGCHUANGXINJIDI,DUIYUGAISHANWOGUOJIQIRENCHANYEZIZHUCHUANGXINNENGLIRUO,HEXINJISHUCHAJUSHANGCUNDEWENTIYIYIZHONGDA,DUITUIDONGWOGUOGAODUANZHIZAODECHUANGXINFAZHAN,CUJINWOGUOCHANYEJIEGOUSHENGJIYUYOUHUAJUYOUZHONGYAODEYIYI。

(一)核心零部件尚有待突破

JINGMIJIANSUQI、SIFUDIANJI、KONGZHIQIDENGHEXINBUJIANDEZHILIANGWENDINGXINGHEPILIANGSHENGCHANNENGLIYOUDAIQUANMIANTISHENG,HEXINLINGBUJIANZHANGQIYILAIJINKOUJUMIANHAIJIDAITUPO。JINGMIJIANSUJIFANGMIAN,MUQIANYISUZHOULVDEWEIDAIBIAODEGUOCHANXIEBOJIANSUJIKESHIXIANJINKOUTIDAI,DANRVJIANSUJIYOUYUCHUANDONGJINGDU、NIUZHUANGANGXINGDENGWENTI,YIRANWEINENGBAITUOYILAIJINKOUDEJUMIAN;SIFUDIANJIFANGMIAN,MUQIANGUOCHANSIFUDIANJIJINNENGMANZUBUFENZHONGDIDUANJIQIRENDEXUQIU;KONGZHIQIFANGMIAN,GUOCHANCHANGSHANGYIJINGJIEJUEYOUWUWENTI,DANZAIWENDINGXING、XIANGYINGSUDU、YIYONGXINGDENGFANGMIANYUGUOJIZHULIUPINPAICUNZAIJIAODACHAJU。

(二)企业经营压力较大

YIFANGMIAN,WOGUOGONGYEJIQIRENDEHEXINBUJIANZHANGQIYILAIJINKOU,SHENGCHANCHENGBEN、CAIGOUCHENGBEN、GUANLICHENGBENDENGXIANGDUIGAOANG。XIANGBIZHIXIA,GUOWAIJIQIRENQIYEQIBUZAO、CHANYEJICHUCHENGSHU,HENDUOQIYEBENSHENJIUSHIGUANJIANHEXINBUJIANDEGONGYINGSHANG,RUFANEIKESHISHIJIESHANGZUIDADEZHUANYESHUKONGXITONGSHENGCHANCHANGSHANG,ANCHUANSHIQUANQIUZUIDADEDIANJIZHIZAOSHANGZHIYI,ZAICHENGBENSHANGJUYOUTIANRANYOUSHI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIQUEFAJISHUHECHENGBENYOUSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,BUFENGUONEIJIQIRENQIYEYICHANPINDE“XINGJIABI”LAIDAKAISHICHANG,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIZHONGDIDUANCHANPIN,DAOZHIYINGLIKONGJIANSUOJIAN。LIRU,2018NIANQIANSANJIDU,XINSHIDAHEAISIDUNFENBIESHIXIANJINGLIRUN0.52YIYUANHE0.56YIYUAN,BIQIQUNIANTONGQIDE1.60YIYUANHE0.93YIYUAN,JIANSHAOFUDUJIAODA。

(三)专业人才缺口较大

JIQIRENCHANYEYOUZHEDUOCENGCIDERENCAIXUQIU,GENJUJIAOYUBUDENGBUWEILIANHEFABUDE《ZHIZAOYERENCAIFAZHANGUIHUAZHINAN》YUCE,DAO2020NIANWOGUOGAODANGSHUKONGJICHUANGHEJIQIRENLINGYURENCAIQUEKOUJIANGDADAO300WAN;DAO2025NIAN,RENCAIQUEKOUJIANGJINYIBUKUODADAO450WAN。SUIRANWOGUOQIYEHEKEYANJIGOUBUDUANJIADAJIQIRENJISHUYANJIUYUBENTIYANZHIFANGXIANGDERENCAIYINJINYUPEIYANGLIDU,DANXIANCHANGDIAOSHI、WEIHUCAOZUOYUYUNXINGGUANLIDENGYINGYONGXINGRENCAIDEPEIYANGLIDUYIRANYOUSUOQIANQUE。

(四)检测认证体系有待进一步健全

广东11选5SUIZHEGUOJIAJIQIRENJIANCEYUPINGDINGZHONGXIN、GUOJIAJIQIRENCHUANGGAOZHONGXIN、ZHONGGUOJIQIRENCHANYELIANMENGHEQITABUMENZAIBIAOZHUNGUIFANZHIDING、JIANCERENZHENGSHISHIDENGFANGMIANGONGZUODEBUDUANTUIJIN,WOGUOZAIJIQIRENFANGMIANQUEFAXINGYEBIAOZHUNHERENZHENGGUIFANDEJUMIANYOUWANGJIXUDEDAOGAISHAN。DANHAIXUGUANZHUWOGUOJINBUFENGONGYEJIQIRENSHENGCHANQIYEDUICHANPINDEBUFENXINGNENGZUOLECHUCHANGJIANYAN,DANQUESHAOXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNJIZHUANYEYANJIU,JIANCEYIQIPEITAOJIAOCHA,JIANYANJIEGUODEKEKAOXINGJIAODI,CESHIXIANGMUSHANGBUNENGMANZUCHANPINZHILIANGKONGZHIDEXUYAO。

三、应采取的对策建议

(一)完善政策扶持体系

YISHIZAIZIJIN、SHUISHOU、CHANPINXIAOSHOUBUTIEDENGFANGMIANCHUTAIXIANGYINGDEFUCHIZHENGCE,TIGAOGUOCHANGONGYEJIQIRENSHIYONGLV。LUOSHISHENGCHANQIYESHUISHOUYOUHUIZHENGCE;KUOCHONG《SHOUTAI(TAO)ZHONGDAJISHUZHUANGBEITUIGUANGYINGYONGZHIDAOMULU》,YICUJINZIZHUPINPAIGONGYEJIQIRENDEYANFAHEYINGYONG。ERSHIYANJIUZHIDINGXINGYEYINGYONGZHIDAOZHENGCE。LIRU,DUIYUYIXIEYOUDU、YOUHAI、CUNZAIWEIXIANDEGONGZUOGANGWEI,BIXUYIJIQIRENDAITIRENGONG;DUIYUGAOWEN、GAOZAOSHENGDENGHUANJINGELIEDEGONGZUOGANGWEI,GULIYIJIQIRENDAITIRENGONG。SANSHIGULIJINRONGZIBEN、FENGXIANTOUZIJIMINJIANZIBENCANYUJIQIRENCHANYE,ZHICHIFUHETIAOJIANDEQIYEZAIHAIWAIZIBENSHICHANGZHIJIERONGZI。

(二)提升自主创新能力

(三)完善人才队伍建设

广东11选5YISHIQIESHITUIJINCHANXUEYANYITIHUARENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI,JIANLIXIAOQILIANHEPEIYANGRENCAIDEXINJIZHI。YITUOZHONGKEYUANDENGZHIMINGYANJIUJIGOU,TONGGUOSHISHIDAXINGHEZUOXIANGMU,LIANHEQIYEPEIYANGCHUCONGYANFA、SHENGCHAN、WEIHUDAOXITONGJICHENGDEDUOCENGCIJISHURENCAI。ERSHIYUNYONGZHIYEPEIXUN、ZHIYEZIGEZHIDU,TONGGUOSHIJIXIANGMUDUANLIANLAIPEIYURENCAI。SANSHIJIAQIANGGAOCENGCIRENCAIYINJIN,XIYINHAIWAILIUXUERENYUANHUIGUOCHUANGXINCHUANGYE。

(四)加强行业规范管理

YISHIANZHAO《JIQIRENCHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA(2016-2020NIAN)》DEBUSHU,JIAKUAITUIJIN《GONGYEJIQIRENCHANYEGUIFANTIAOJIAN》、《GONGYEJIQIRENXINGYEGUIFANGUANLISHISHIBANFA》DENGCHANYEZHENGCELUOSHI,ZUZHIKAIZHANXINGYEGUIFANGUANLISHISHIGONGZUO。ERSHIGULIQIYEJIJISHENBAO,DUIFUHEGONGYEJIQIRENXINGYEGUIFANTIAOJIANDEQIYEJINXINGGONGGAO,YINDAOGELEIGULIZHENGCEXIANGGONGGAOQIYEJIJU。TUIDONGQIYEJIAQIANGJISHUCHUANGXINHEJINGYIGUANLINENGLIJIANSHE,TISHENGPINPAIFUJIAZHIHERUANSHILI,TUIDONGJIQIRENCHANYELIXINGJIANKANGFAZHAN。SANSHIZENGJIAFUWUJIQIRENZHIZAOXIANGGUANTONGJIKOUJING,KEXIANCONGJIZHONGDAIBIAOXINGCHANPINRUSHOU,KAIZHANCHANZHI、SHOURU、LIRUNDENGFANGMIANDETONGJI,WEICHANYEYANJIUHEZHENGCEZHIDINGTIGONGSHUJUZHICHENG。

(五)拓宽投融资渠道

YISHITISHENGCAIZHENGDUIYUJIQIRENCHANYEDEZHICHI,GULIGELEIYINXING、JIJINZAIYEWUFANWEINEI,ZHICHIJISHUXIANJIN、YOUSHIMINGXIAN、DAIDONGHEZHICHENGZUOYONGQIANGDEJIQIRENXIANGMU,TUIGUANGJIQIRENZULINMOSHI。ERSHIJIANLIGUOJIAJICHANYEYINDAOJIJIN,FAHUICAIZHENGZIJINDEGANGGANZUOYONG,CONGGUOJIACENGMIANJINXINGZHANLVEYINDAOHETONGCHOUGUIHUA,JIAQIANGQIYEDEZHUTIDIWEI,YOUHUAZIJINPEIZHIFANGXIANG。SANSHIYINDAODIFANGSHELIJIYUBENDIYOUSHIHEZHENGCETEDIANDEZHUANXIANGPEITAOZIJIN,CUJINJIQIRENQIYEYUDIFANGZHENGFU、YUANQUHUDONGHEZUO。

(请注明来意,否则不予理会!) 

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