刘亚东:这35项卡脖技术,只是冰山一角!

     

微新 ∣ 微悟

编序:

广东11选5《KEJIRIBAO》BAODAOGUODEZONGGONG35XIANG“KABOZI”JISHU,XIANSHULICHENGJIANBAN,FENXIANGJIZHUWEI。

01 光刻机

 《这些“细节”让中国难望顶级光刻机项背》(科技日报4月19日)

广东11选5ZHIZAOXINPIANDEGUANGKEJI,QIJINGDUJUEDINGLEXINPIANXINGNENGDESHANGXIAN。ZAI“SHIERWU”KEJICHENGJIUZHANLANSHANG,ZHONGGUOSHENGCHANDEZUIHAODEGUANGKEJI,JIAGONGJINGDUSHI90NAMI。ZHEIXIANGDANGYU2004NIANSHANGSHIDEBENTENGSICPUDESHUIZHUN。ERGUOWAIYIJINGZUODAOLESHIJINAMI。

GUANGKEJILIYOULIANGGETONGBUYUNDONGDEGONGJIANTAI,YIGEZAIDIPIAN,YIGEZAIJIAOPIAN。LIANGZHEXUSHIZHONGTONGBU,WUCHAZAI2NAMIYIXIA。LIANGGEGONGZUOTAIYOUJINGDAODONG,JIASUDUGENDAODANFASHECHABUDUO。ZAIGONGZUOSHI,XIANGDANGYULIANGJIADAFEIJICONGQIFEIDAOJIANGLUO,SHIZHONGQITOUBINGJINYIJIAFEIJISHANGSHENCHUYIBADAO,ZAILINGYIJIAFEIJIDEMILISHANGKEZI,BUNENGKEHUAILE。

02 芯 片

 《中兴的“芯”病,中国的心病》(科技日报4月20日)

DISUDEGUANGXINPIANHEDIANXINPIANYISHIXIANGUOCHAN,DANGAOSUDERENGQUANBUYILAIJINKOU。GUOWAIZUIXIANJINXINPIANLIANGCHANJINGDUWEI10NAMI,WOGUOZHIYOU28NAMI,CHAJULIANGDAI。

JUBAODAO,ZAIJISUANJIXITONG、TONGYONGDIANZIXITONG、TONGXINSHEBEI、NEICUNSHEBEIHEXIANSHIJISHIPINXITONGZHONGDEDUOGELINGYUZHONG,WOGUOGUOCHANXINPIANZHANYOULVWEI0。

03 操作系统

《丧失先机,没有自研操作系统的大国之痛》(科技日报4月23日)

PUTONGRENKANDAOZHONGGUOITYEFANRONG,RENWEIJISHUCHAJUBUDA,SHIZEBURAN。3JIAMEIGUOGONGSILONGDUANSHOUJIHEGERENDIANNAODECAOZUOXITONG。

广东11选5SHUJUXIANSHI,2017NIANANZHUOXITONGSHICHANGZHANYOULVDA85.9%,PINGGUOIOSWEI14%。QITAXITONGJINYOU0.1%。ZHEI0.1%,JIBENYESHIMEIGUODEWEIRUANDEWindowsHEHEIMEI。MEIYOUGUGEPULU,ZHINENGSHOUJIBUHUIRUCIPUJI,ERZHONGGUOSHOUJICHANGSHANGMIANFEILIYONGANZHUODEDAIJIA,JIUSHISUISHIKENENGBEI“DUANLIANG”。

04 航空发动机短舱

《居者无其屋,国产航空发动机的短舱之困》(科技日报4月24日)

FEIJISHANGANFANGFADONGJIDECANGSHI,SUCHENG“FANGZI”,SHIHANGKONGTUIJINXITONGZUIZHONGYAODEHEXINBUJIANZHIYI,QICHENGBENYUEZHANQUANBUFADONGJIDE1/4ZUOYOU。

DUANCANGXUYAOJIANGFADONGJIBAOFU,JIANSHAOFEIXINGZULI;QIJINQIDAOHAIYAOJUYOUFANG、CHUBINGDENENGLI;FEIXINGZHONG,YAOBAOHUFADONGJIBUSHOUGANRAOZHENGCHANGGONGZUO;ZAIDIMIAN,XUYAOZUODAOFANGBIANFADONGJIDEWEIHUHEWEIXIU,YIDANDUANCANGYOUSUN,FEIXINGZHONGKENENGHUIYINQIFADONGJIYANZHONGSHIGU。

广东11选5DUANCANGYUEDAJISHUNANDUYUEGAO。WOGUOZAIZHEIYIZHONGYAOLINGYUSHANGSHUKONGBAI。CHAYUESUOYOUGONGKAIZILIAO,WOGUOSHANGWUZIZHUYANZHIDUANCANGDEZHUANMENJIGOU,XIANGGUANYUANXIAOSIHUYEMEIYOUSHEZHIXIANGGUANDEXUEKE。

05 触觉传感器

《传感器疏察,被愚钝的机器人“国产触觉”》(科技日报4月25日)

CHUJUECHUANGANQISHIGONGYEJIQIRENHEXINBUJIAN。JINGQUE、WENDINGDEYANKEYAOQIU,LANZHULEWOGUODABUFENQIYEXIANGCHUJUECHUANGANQIMAIJINDEBUFA,MUQIANGUONEICHUANGANQIQIYEDADUOCONGSHIQITI、WENDUDENGLEIXINGCHUANGANQIDESHENGCHAN。

ZAIYIGEYOUZHE100DUOJIAQIYEDEXINGYEZHONG,JIHUMEIYOUCHUANGANQIZHIZAOSHANGJINXINGCHUJUECHUANGANQIDESHENGCHAN。RIBENZHENLIESHICHUANGANQINENGZAI10LIMI×10LIMIDAXIAODEJIZHIZHONGFENBU100GEMINGANYUANJIAN,SHOUJIA10WANYUAN,ERGUONEICHANPINDUOWEIYIDIANSHI,YIBAN100YUANYIGE。

06 真空蒸镀机

《真空蒸镀机匮缺:高端显示屏上的阴影》(科技日报4月26日)

OLEDMIANBANZHICHENGDE“XINZANG”。RIBENCanon TokkiDUZHANGAODUANSHICHANG,ZHANGWOZHEGAICHANYEDEYANHOU。YEJIEDUITADENIANCHANLIANGYUCETONGCHANGZAIJITAIDAOSHIJITAIZHIJIAN。YOUQIANYEMAIBUDAO,SHUODEJIUSHITA。

 Canon TokkiNENGBAYOUJIFAGUANGCAILIAOZHENGDUDAOJIBANSHANGDEWUCHAKONGZHIZAI5WEIMINEI(1WEIMIXIANGDANGYUTOUFAZHIJINGDE1%),MEIYOUQITAGONGSIDEZHENGDUJINENGDADAOZHEIGEJINGZHUNDU。MUQIANWOGUOHAIMEIYOUSHENGCHANZHENGDUJIDEQIYE,ZAIZHEIGELINGYUWOMENMEISHENMEFAYANQUAN。

07 手机射频器件  

《射频器件:仰给于人的手机尴尬》(科技日报5月7日)

广东11选5YIKUAISHOUJIDEZHUBANSHANG,1/3DEKONGJIANSHISHEPINDIANLU。SHOUJIFAZHANQUSHISHIGENGQINGBO,GONGHAOGENGXIAO,PINDUANGENGDUO,DAIKUANGENGDA,ZHEIJIUXIANGSHEPINXINPIANTICHULETIAOZHAN。

SHEPINXINPIANJIANGSHUZIXINHAOZHUANHUACHENGDIANCIBO,4GSHOUJIYAOZHICHISHIJIGEPINDUAN,XINXIDAIKUANJISHIZHAO。 2018NIAN,SHEPINXINPIANSHICHANG150YIMEIYUAN;GAODUANSHICHANGJIBENBEISkyworks、QorvoHE BOTONG3JIALONGDUAN,GAOTONGYEZHANYIXIZHIDI。SHEPINQIJIANDELINGYIGEGUANJIANYUANJIAN——LVBOQI,GUONEIWAICHAJUGENGDA。

SHOUJISHIYONGDEGAODUANLVBOQI,JISHIYIMEIYUANDESHICHANG,WANQUANGUISHUQorvoDENGGUOWAISHEPINQIJIANJUTOU。ZHONGGUOSHISHIJIEZUIDADESHOUJISHENGCHANGUO,DANZAOBULEGAODUANDESHOUJISHEPINQIJIAN。ZHEIXUYAOCAILIAO、GONGYIHESHEJIJINGYANDETASHIJILEI。

08 iCLIP技术

《“靶点”难寻,国产创新药很迷惘》(科技日报5月8日)

广东11选5iCLIPSHIYIZHONGXINXINGDESHIYANJISHU,SHIYANFACHUANGXINYAODEZUIGUANJIANDEJISHUZHIYI。TADEFAMING,RANGRENMENPAOQIJINGMIDEGUANCEYIQI,YENENGQUEDINGRNA(HETANGHESUAN)HEDANBAIZHIZAINAGEWEIZHI“JIAOHUI”,SHENZHIKEYIDUCHUWEIDIAN“MIMA”。

iCLIPJISHUNAN,YOURUWANQIANRENHAIZHONGZHAOYIGEREN,YAOCONGJISHIYIGEJIANJIDUIZHAODAOYIGEHUOJIGEQUEDINGDEJIEHEDIAN,JINGQUEDUKEXIANGERZHI。GUOWAIYANJIUTUANDUIYIZAICILINGYUZHANKAI“JISHUJINGSAI”,YANJIULUNWENYIJIGEYUEWEIZHOUQILUNFANSHANGYAN。GUONEISHIYANSHIQUEJISHAOYOUCHENGSHUJINGYAN。

09 重型燃气轮机

《“命门火衰”,重型燃气轮机的叶片之殇》(科技日报5月9日)

RANQILUNJIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUJIANCHUAN、HUOCHEHEDAXINGDIANZHAN。WOGUOJUBEIQINGXINGRANJIZIZHUHUANENGLI;DANZHONGRANRENGJIBENYILAIYINJIN。GUOJISHANGDADEZHONGRANCHANGJIA,ZHUYAOSHIMEIGUOGE、RIBENSANLING、DEGUOXIMENZI、YIDALIANSAERDUO4JIA。

YUZHONGGUOHEZUODOUFUDAIKEKETIAOJIAN:SHEJIJISHUBUZHUANRANG,HEXINDEREDUANBUJIANZHIZAOJISHUYEBUZHUANRANG,JINYIXUKEZHENGFANGSHIXUKEBENTUZHIZAOFEIHEXINBUJIAN。MEIYOUZIZHUHUANENGLI,YIWEIZHEWOGUONENGYUANANQUANDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,RENGRANSHOUZHIYUREN,CUNZAIBEI“KABOZI”DEFENGXIAN。

10 激光雷达

《激光雷达昏聩,让自动驾驶很纠结》(科技日报5月10日)

JIGUANGLEIDASHIGECHUANGANQI,ZIDAIGUANGYUAN,ZHUDONGFACHUJIGUANG,GANZHIZHOUWEIHUANJING,XIANGBIANFUTONGGUOCHAOSHENGBODINGWEIYIYANG。TASHIZIDONGJIASHIQICHEDEBIBEIZUJIAN,JUEDINGZHEZIDONGJIASHIXINGYEDEJINHUASHUIPING。

DANZAIGAILINGYU,GUOHUOJIHUMEIYOUHUAYUQUAN。MUQIANNENGSHANGLUDEZIDONGJIASHIQICHEZHONG,FANSHEJIJIGUANGLEIDAZHE,SHIYONGDEJIHUDOUSHIMEIGUOVelodyneDECHANPIN,QIJIGUANGLEIDACHANPINSHIXINGYEBIAOPEI,ZHANBACHENGYISHANGSHICHANGFENE。

11 适航标准

《适航标准:国产航发又一道难迈的坎儿》(科技日报5月11日)

广东11选5YIKUANHANGKONGFADONGJIYAOXIANGHUOQUYIZHANGFANGFEIZHENG,BIXUJINGGUOYITAOFEICHANGYANGEDE“SHIHANG”BIAOZHUNTIXIYANZHENG,HANGAISHEJI、ZHIZAO、YANZHENGHEGUANLI。DANMUQIANZAIGUOJISHANG,YIFAAHEOUZHOUHANGKONGANQUANJU(EASA)DESHIHANGSHENDINGYINGXIANGLIZUIDA,RENKEDUZUIGAO。

广东11选5JINGUANZAIGUIZHANGYAOQIUCENGMIAN,ZHONGGUOYUFAAJIBENYIZHI,DANYOUYUGUOCHANHANGKONGFADONGJIXINGHAOKUIFA,QUEFASHIJIGONGCHENGSHIJIANJINGYAN,SHIWOGUOSHIHANGGUIZHANGQUESHAOXIANGYINGDEJISHUZHICHENG。SHIJIXINGHAODESHIHANGYANZHENGGONGZUO,CHENGWEIBEIKAZAIBIEGUOKONGYUZHIWAIDEGUANAI。

12 高端电容电阻

《没有这些诀窍,我们够不着高端电容电阻》(科技日报5月14日)

广东11选5DIANRONGHEDIANZUSHIDIANZIGONGYEDEHUANGJINPEIJIAO。ZHONGGUOSHIZUIDADEJICHUDIANZIYUANJIANSHICHANG,YINIANXIAOHAODEDIANZUHEDIANRONG,SHUYIWANYIJI。DANZUIHAODEXIAOFEIJIDIANRONGHEDIANZU,LAIZIRIBEN。

DIANRONGSHICHANGYINIAN200DUOYIMEIYUAN,DIANZUYEYOUBAIYIMEIYUANLIANGJI。SUOWEIGAODUANDEDIANRONGDIANZU,ZUIZHONGYAODESHITONGYIGEPICIYINGGAIJINLIANGYIZHI。RIBENZHEIFANGMIANZUODEZUIHAO,GUONEIQIYECHAJUDA。GUONEIQIYEDECHANPINDUOSHUYUZHONGDIDUAN,ZAIGONGYI、CAILIAO、ZHILIANGGUANKONGSHANG,XIANGDUIBORUO。

13 核心工业软件

《核心工业软件:智能制造的中国“无人区”》(科技日报5月17日)

ZHONGGUODEHEXINGONGYERUANJIANLINGYU,JIBENHAISHI“WURENQU”。GONGYERUANJIANQUEWEI,WEIZHINENGZHIZAODAILAILEMAFAN。GONGYEXITONGFUZADAOYIDINGCHENGDU,JIUXUYAOYIJISUANJIFUZHUDEGONGYERUANJIANLAITIDAIRENNAOJISUAN。PIRU,XINPIANSHEJISHENGCHAN“BIBEISHENQI”EDAGONGYERUANJIAN,GUOCHANEDAYUMEIGUOZHULIUEDAGONGJUXIANGJIAO,SHEJIYUANLISHANGBINGWUCHAYI,DANRUANJIANXINGNENGQUECUNZAIBUXIAOCHAJU,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIDUIXIANJINJISHUHEGONGYIZHICHIBUZU,HEGUOWAIXIANJINEDAGONGJUZHIJIANCUNZAI“DAICHA”。

GUOWAIEDASANDAJUTOUGONGSICadence、SynopsysJIMentor,ZHANJULEQUANQIUGAIXINGYEMEINIANZONGSHOURUDE70%。FAZHANZIZHUGONGYECAOZUOXITONG+ZIZHUGONGYERUANJIANTIXI,KEBURONGHUAN。

14 ITO靶材

《烧不出大号靶材,平板显示制造仰人鼻息》(科技日报5月18日)

广东11选5ITOBACAIBUJINYONGYUZHIZUOYEJINGXIANSHIQI、PINGBANXIANSHIQI、DENGLIZIXIANSHIQI、CHUMOPING、DIANZIZHI、YOUJIFAGUANGERJIGUAN,HAIYONGYUTAIYANGNENGDIANCHIHEKANGJINGDIANDUMO、EMIPINGBIDETOUMINGCHUANDAODUMODENG,ZAIQUANQIUYONGYOUGUANGFANDESHICHANG。ITOMODEHOUDUYINGONGNENGXUQIUERYOUBUTONG,YIBANZAI30NAMIZHI200NAMI。ZAICHICUNDEWENTISHANG,GUONEIITOBACAIQIYEYIZHIXIANYOUTUPO,ERHOUDUANDEPINGBANXIANSHIZHIZAOQIYEYEYAOYANGRENBIXI。

广东11选5SHAOJIEDACHICUNITOBACAI,XUYAOYOUDAXINGDESHAOJIELU。GUOWAIKEYIZUOKUAN1200HAOMI、ZHANGJIN3000HAOMIDEDANKUAIBACAI,GUONEIZHINENGZHIZAOBUCHAOGUO800HAOMIKUANDE。CHANCHUXIAOLVFANGMIAN,RISHIZHUANGBEIYUECHANLIANGKEDA30DUNZHI50DUN,WOMENNIANCHANLIANGZHIYOU30DUN——ERJINKOUYITAISHEBEIJIAGEYAOHUAYIQIANWANYUAN,ZHEIDUIGUONEIXIAOQIYELAISHUOWUYIYUTIANJIA。

MEINIANWOGUOITOBACAIXIAOHAOLIANGCHAOGUO1QIANDUN,YIBANZUOYOUKAOJINKOU,YONGYUSHENGCHANGAODUANCHANPIN。

15 核心算法

《算法不精,国产工业机器人有点“笨”》(科技日报5月22日)

ZHONGGUOYIJINGLIANXU5NIANCHENGWEISHIJIEDIYIDAJIQIRENYINGYONGSHICHANG,DANGAODUANJIQIRENRENGRANYILAIYUJINKOU。YOUYUMEIYOUZHANGWOHEXINSUANFA,GUOCHANGONGYEJIQIRENWENDINGXING、GUZHANGLV、YIYONGXINGDENGGUANJIANZHIBIAOYUANBURUGONGYEJIQIREN“SIDAJIAZU”FANEIKE(RIBEN)、ABB(RUISHI)、ANCHUAN(RIBEN)、KUKA(DEGUO)DECHANPIN。HEXINSUANFACHAJUGUODA,DAOZHIGUOCHANJIQIRENWENDINGXINGBUJIA,GUZHANGLVJUGAOBUXIA。SUANFADECHAJUBUZHITIXIANZAIHEXINKONGZHIQISHANG,GENGTUOMANLESIFUXITONGXIANGYINGDESUDU。

JIQIRENMEIWANCHENGYIGEDONGZUO,XUYAOHEXINKONGZHIQI、SIFUQUDONGQIHESIFUDIANJIXIETONGZUOZHAN。DUIYUDANTAISIFUXITONG,GUOCHANJIQIRENDONGTAIYUJINGTAIJINGDUDOUHENGAO,DANGAODUANJIQIRENYIBANTONGSHIYOU6TAIYISHANGSIFUXITONG,YONGCHUANTONGDEKONGZHIFANGFANANYIQUDEHAODEKONGZHIXIAOGUO。

16 航空钢材

 《航空钢材不过硬,国产大飞机起落失据》(科技日报5月23日)

WULUNQIFEIHAISHIJIANGLUO,QILUOJIADOUSHIZHICHENGFEIJIDEWEIYIBUJIAN,YOUQISHIZAIFEIJIJIANGLUOJIEDUAN,QICHENGZAIDEZAIHEBUJINJINLAIZIJISHENZHONGLIANG,HAIYOUFEIJICHUIZHIFANGXIANGDEJUDACHONGLI。YINCI,QILUOJIADECAILIAOQIANGDUBIXUSHIFENYOUYI,ZHINENGYIKAOTEZHONGGANGCAICAIXING。

MUQIANSHIYONGFANWEIZUIGUANGDESHIMEIGUODE300MGANG,GAICAILIAOCAIYONGZHENKONGRECHULIJISHU,BIMIANLESHENQING,LINGJIANBIAOMIANGUANGLIANG,WUYANGHUATUOTAN、ZENGTANHEJINGJIEYANGHUADENGQUEXIAN,TIGAOLEBIAOMIANZHILIANG。ERGUONEIYONGYUZHIZUOQILUOJIADEGUOCHANCHAOQIANGDUGANGCAIYOUSHIHUICHUXIANDIANZHUANGQUEXIAN、LIUHUAWUJIAZA、CUJING、NEIBULIEWEN、RECHULISHENQINGDENGWENTI,ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUYUYELIANGUOCHENGZHONGCHUNJINGDUBUGOUYOUGUANXI。SUOYIWOGUOZAIGAOCHUNDURONGLIANJISHUFANGMIANYUMEIGUOHAIYOUJIAODACHAJU,CUNZAIHENDATISHENGKONGJIAN。

17 铣 刀

《为高铁钢轨“整容”,国产铣刀难堪重任》(科技日报5月24日)

SUIZHEWOGUOJINNIANLAIGAOTIEDEXUNMENGJIANSHE,GANGGUIYANGHUWENTIYEYUJIARANGYENEIZHUANJIAYOUXIN。RUOYANGHUBUDAOWEI,BUJINZHESUNSHENGMINGZHOUQI,HAICUNZAIGAOFENGXIANYINHUAN。WOGUOZIZHUCHUANGXINYANFADESHUANGDONGLIDIANQUXIANMOWEIHUJIQIRENZHUANGBEI——BEICHENGWEIGANGGUI‘JIJIUCHE’DEXIANMOCHEKEWEIGANGGUI“BAOJIAHUHANG”。

广东11选5DANXIANMOCHEZUIHEXINBUJIANXIANDAORENGXUCONGGUOWAIJINKOU。XIANDAODECAILIAOSHIYIZHONGCHAOYINGHEJINCAILIAO。DUIQIZHONGJINSHUCHENGFENWOMENYIRANLEJIE,DANJIUSHIBUZHIRENJIASHIZENMEPEIBI、HECHENGDE,RUTONGZHUOMOMOUZHONGZHONGYAODEZUCHUANMIFANG、GEZHONGYAOCAIBILISHIDUOSHAO,DOUBUSHENMINGLE。

18 高端轴承钢

《高端轴承钢,难以补齐的中国制造业短板》(科技日报5月25日)

广东11选5ZUOWEIJIXIESHEBEIZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDEHEXINLINGBUJIAN,ZHOUCHENGZHICHENGJIXIEXUANZHUANTI,JIANGDIQIMOCAXISHU,BINGBAOZHENGQIHUIZHUANJINGDU。WULUNFEIJI、QICHE、GAOTIE,HAISHIGAOJINGMIJICHUANG、YIQIYIBIAO,DOUXUYAOZHOUCHENG。ZHEIJIUDUIQIJINGDU、XINGNENG、SHOUMINGHEKEKAOXINGTICHULEGAOYAOQIU。ERWOGUODEZHIZHOUGONGYIYIJINGJIEJINSHIJIEDINGJIANSHUIPING,DANCAIZHI——YEJIUSHIGAODUANZHOUCHENGYONGGANGJIHUQUANBUYILAIJINKOU。

GAODUANZHOUCHENGYONGGANGDEYANFA、ZHIZAOYUXIAOSHOUJIBENSHANGBEISHIJIEZHOUCHENGJUTOUMEIGUOTIEMUKEN、RUIDIANSKFSUOLONGDUAN。QIANJINIAN,TAMENFENBIEZAISHANDONGYANTAI、JINANJIANLIJIDI,CAIGOUZHONGGUODEDIDUANCAIZHI,YUNYONGTAMENDEHEXINJISHUZUOCHENGGAODUANZHOUCHENG,YISHIBEIDEJIAGEMAIJIZHONGGUOSHICHANG。LIANGANGGUOCHENGZHONGJIARUXITU,JIUNENGSHIYUANBENYOUZHIDEGANGBIANDEGENGJIA“JIANQIANG”。DANZENMEJIA,ZHEISHISHIJIEZHOUCHENGJUTOUMENDEHEXINMIMI。

19 高压柱塞泵

《高压柱塞泵,鲠在中国装备制造业咽喉的一根刺》(科技日报5月28日)

广东11选5YEYAXITONGSHIZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEDEGUANJIANBUJIANZHIYI,YIQIEGONGCHENGLINGYU,FANSHIYOUJIXIESHEBEIDECHANGHE,DOULIBUKAIYEYAXITONG。GAOYAZHUSAIBENGSHIGAODUANYEYAZHUANGBEIDEHEXINYUANJIAN,BEICHENGZUOYEYAXITONGDE“XINZANG”。

ZHONGGUOYEYAGONGYEDEGUIMOZAI2017NIANYIJINGCHENGWEISHIJIEDIER,DANCHANYEDAERBUQIANG,YOUQISHIEDINGYALI35MPaYISHANGGAOYAZHUSAIBENG,90%YISHANGYILAIJINKOU。 GUONEISHENGCHANDEYEYAZHUSAIBENGYUWAIGUOPINPAIXIANGBI,ZAIJISHUXIANJINXING、GONGZUOKEKAOXING、SHIYONGSHOUMING、BIANLIANGJIGOUKONGZHIGONGNENGHEDONGJINGTAIXINGNENGZHIBIAOSHANGDOUYOUJIAODACHAJU,JIBENXIANGDANGYUGUOWAISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAICHUSHUIPING。

20 航空设计软件

《航空软件困窘,国产飞机设计戴上“紧箍咒”》(科技日报5月30日)

ZISHANGSHIJI80NIANDAIHOU,SHIJIEHANGKONGYEJIUMAIRUSHUZIHUASHEJIDEXINJIEDUAN,XIANZAIYIJINGDADAOLIKAIRUANJIANJIUWUFASHEJIDEGAODUYILAICHENGDU。SHEJIYIJIAFEIJIZHISHAOXUYAOSHIJIZHONGZHUANYERUANJIAN,QUANSHIOUMEIGUOJIACHANPIN。GUONEISHEJIDANWEIBUJINYAOTOURUJUZIGOUMAIRUANJIAN,ERQIETOUDAIGANGQUAN,YIDANBEINIAN“JINGUZHOU”,ZHENGGEHANGKONGCHANYEJIANGXIANRUTANHUAN。 

JUMEITIBAODAO,SHEJIJIAN-10FEIJISHI,ZHUQILUOJIAZHUCHENGLIJIEGOUDEZHENGGEJINSHUBUJIANSHIWEITUOGUOWAIZHIZAO。DANZAOWANZHIHOU,QILUOJIADESHOUFANGCHUXIANWENTI,YOU5HAOMIDEWUCHA,ZHIHAOZHONGXINDINGHUOZHIZAO。JINJINSHIZHEIYIDIANDIANDEWUCHA,YINGXIANGLEJIAN-10SHOUFEITUICHILEBAJIUGEYUE。MEIYOUQUANSHUZIHUADERUANJIANZHICHENG,RENHEYIDIANXIWEIDEWUCHA,DOUKENENGCHENGWEIZHIZAOYEDEMENGYAN。

21 光刻胶

《中国半导体产业因光刻胶失色》(科技日报5月31日)

广东11选5WOGUOSUIRANYICHENGWEISHIJIEBANDAOTISHENGCHANDAGUO,DANMIANBANCHANYEZHENGTICHANYELIANRENGJIAOWEILUOHOU。MUQIAN,LCDYONGGUANGKEJIAOJIHUQUANBUYILAIJINKOU,HEXINJISHUZHIJINBEITOK、JSR、ZHUYOUHUAXUE、XINYUEHUAXUEDENGRIBENQIYESUOLONGDUAN。JIUNAZAIGUOJISHANGJUYOUYIDINGJINGZHENGSHILIDEJINGDONGFANGLAISHUO,MUQIANYIJIANLI17GEMIANBANXIANSHISHENGCHANJIDI,QIZHONGYOU16GEYIJINGTOUCHAN。DANJINGDONGFANGYONGYUGAODUANMIANBANDEGUANGKEJIAO,RENGRANYOUGUOWAIQIYETIGONG。

GUANGKEJIAOZHUYAOCHENGFENYOUGAOFENZISHUZHI、SEJIANG、DANTI、GANGUANGYINFAJI、RONGJIYIJITIANJIAJI,KAIFASUOSHEJIDEJISHUNANTIZHONGDUO,XUCONGDIJUWUJIEGOUSHEJIHESHAIXUAN、HECHENGGONGYIDEQUEDINGHEYOUHUA、HUOXINGDANTIDESHAIXUANHEKONGZHI、SEJIANGXIDUKONGZHIHEWENDING、CHANPINPEIFANGSHEJIHEYOUHUA、CHANPINSHENGCHANGONGYIYOUHUAHEWENDING、ZUIZHONGSHIYONGTIAOJIANPIPEIHEKUANRONGDUDIAOZHENGDENGFANGMIANJINXINGDIAOZHENG。YINCI,YAOZIZHUYANFASHENGCHAN,JISHUNANDUFEICHANGZHIGAO。

22 高压共轨系统

《高压共轨不中用,国产柴油机很受伤》(科技日报6月4日)

DIANKONGCHAIYOUGAOYAGONGGUIXITONGXIANGDANGYUCHAIYOUFADONGJIDE“XINZANG”HE“DANAO”,QIPINZHIDEHAOHUAI,YANZHONGYINGXIANGFADONGJIDESHIYONG。CHAIYOUJICHANYESHITUIDONGYIGEGUOJIAJINGJIZENGZHANG、SHEHUIYUNXINGDEZHONGYAOZHUANGBEIJICHU。

ZHONGGUOSHIQUANQIUCHAIYOUFADONGJIDEZHUYAOSHICHANGHESHENGCHANGUOJIA,ERZAIGUONEIDEDIANKONGCHAIYOUJIGAOYAGONGGUIXITONGSHICHANG,DEGUO、MEIGUOHERIBENDENGQIYEZHANJULEJUEDAFENE。HEGUOWAIXIANJINGONGSIDECHANPINXIANGBI,GUOCHANGAOYAGONGGUIXITONGZAIXINGNENG、GONGNENG、ZHILIANGJIYIZHIXINGSHANGHAICUNZAIYIDINGDECHAJU,CHENGBENSHANGDEYOUSHIYEBUMINGXIAN。

23 透射式电镜

《我们的蛋白质3D高清照片仰赖舶来的透射式电镜》(科技日报6月6日)

LENGDONGDIANJINGKEYIPAISHEWEIGUANJIEGOUGAOQING3d“CAIZHAO”,SHISHENGMINGKEXUEYANJIUDELIQI,TOUSHESHIDIANJINGDESHENGCHANNENGLISHILENGDONGDIANJINGZHIZAONENGLIDEJICHUZHIYI。

广东11选5MUQIANSHIJIESHANGSHENGCHANTOUSHEDIANJINGDECHANGSHANGZHIYOU3JIA,FENBIESHIRIBENDIANZI、RILI、FEI,GUONEIMEIYOUYIJIAQIYESHENGCHANTOUSHESHIDIANJING。PIPEILENGDONGDIANJINGSHIYONGDEGONGJUDOUXUYAOYUANZHUANG,LINGJIANHUAILEZHAOBUDAORENXIULI,ZHINENGDENGDAILINGJIANYOUJIDAOHUOHOUJINXINGGENGHUAN。DUIYUZHONGGUODELENGDONGDIANJINGSHIYONGZHEMENLAISHUO,ZHEIYANGDETIYANKENENGHAIYAOCHIXUBUDUANDESHIJIAN。

24 掘进机主轴承

《自家的掘进机却不得不用别人的主轴承》(科技日报6月7日)

ZHUZHOUCHENG,YOUQUANDUANMIANSUIDAOJUEJINJIDE“XINZANG”ZHICHENG,CHENGDANZHEJUEJINJIYUNZHUANGUOCHENGDEZHUYAOZAIHE,SHIDAOPANQUDONGXITONGDEGUANJIANBUJIAN,GONGZUOSUOCHUZHUANGKUANGSHIFENELIE。YUZHIJINGJINYOUJIBAIHAOMIDECHUANTONGGUNDONGZHOUCHENGXIANGBI,JUEJINJIZHUZHOUCHENGZHIJINGYIBANWEIJIMI,SHIJIEGOUZUIFUZADEYIZHONGZHOUCHENG,ZHIZAOXUYAOSHANGBAIDAOGONGXU。

JIUJUEJINJIZHENGJIZHIZAONENGLIERYAN,GUOCHANJUEJINJIYIJIEJINSHIJIEZUIXIANJINSHUIPING,DANZUIGUANJIANDEZHUZHOUCHENGQUANBUYILAIJINKOU。DEGUODELUOTEAIDE、IMO、FAGHERUIDIANDESKFZHANJUSHICHANG。

25 微 球

《微球:民族工业不能承受之轻》(科技日报6月12日)

WEIQIU,ZHIJINGSHITOUFACUXIDESANSHIFENZHIYI。SHOUJIPINGMULI,MEIPINGFANGHAOMIYAOYONGYIBAIGEWEIQIU,CHENGQILELIANGKUAIBOLIMIANBAN,XIANGDANGYUGUJIA,ZAILIANGKUAIBOLIMIANBANDEFENGXILI,ZAIGUANJINYEJING。SHAOLETA,NIZHENGDINGZHEDEYEJINGPINGMUJIANGWUFASHENGCHAN。 MEIYOUWEIQIU,XINPIANSHENGCHAN、SHIPINANQUANJIANCE、JIBINGZHENDUAN、SHENGWUZHIYAO、HUANJINGJIANCE……XUDUOXINGYEDOUHUIXIANRUJIONGJING。

JINWEIDIANZILINGYU,ZHONGGUOMEINIANJIUYAOJINKOUJIAZHIJIBAIYIYUANRENMINBIDEWEIQIU。2017NIANZHONGGUODALUDEYEJINGMIANBANCHUHUOLIANGDADAOQUANQIUDE33%,CHANYEGUIMOYUEQIANYIMEIYUAN,WEIJUQUANQIUDIYI。DANZHEIMIANBANZHONGDEGUANJIANCAILIAO——JIANGEWUWEIQIU,YIJIDAODIANJINQIU,QUANSHIJIEZHIYOURIBENYILIANGJIAGONGSIKEYITIGONG。ZHEIXIECAILIAOYEXIANGXINPIANYIYANG,JIRENKAZHULEBOZI。

26 水下连接器

《水下连接缺国产利器,海底观测网傍人篱壁》(科技日报6月13日)

CHULECHUANBO、YAOGANWEIXING,HAIDIGUANCEWANGYICHENGWEIDISANZHONGHAIYANGGUANCEPINGTAI——TONGGUOTA,RENLEIKEYISHENRUDAOSHUIXIAGUANCEHERENSHIHAIYANG。RUGUOJIANGGELEILANXIGUANCEPINGTAIBIZUOGEBO、TUI,SHUIXIALIANJIEQIJIUHAOBIGUANJIE,DUIHAIDIGUANCEWANGXITONGDEJIANSHE、YUNXINGHEWEIHUYOUZHEBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG。

广东11选5MUQIANWOGUOSHUIXIALIANJIEQISHICHANGJIBENBEIWAIGUOLONGDUAN。YIDANGAILIANJIEQICHENGWEIJINYUNPIN,ZHENGGEHAIDIGUANCEWANGDEJIANSHEHEYUNXINGJIANGBEIPOZHONGDUAN。

27 燃料电池关键材料

《少了三种关键材料,燃料电池商业化难成文章》(科技日报6月14日)

GUOWAIDERANLIAODIANCHICHEYISHIXIANLIANGCHAN,DANWOGUOCHEYONGRANLIAODIANCHIHAICHUZAIJISHUYANZHENGJIEDUAN。WOGUOCHEYONGRANLIAODIANCHIDEXIANZHUANGSHI——JIHUWUBUJIANSHENGCHANSHANG,WUCHEYONGDIANDUISHENGCHANGONGSI,ZHIYOUJISHAOLIANGSHANGYEYUNXINGRANLIAODIANCHICHE。DUOXIANGGUANJIANCAILIAO,JUEDINGZHERANLIAODIANCHIDESHOUMINGHEXINGNENG。

ZHEIXIECAILIAOWOGUOBINGFEIWANQUANMEIYOU,YOUXIESHIYANSHICHENGGUOSHENZHIYIDADAOGUOJISHUIPING。DANSHI,MEIYOUPILIANGSHENGCHANXIAN,RANLIAODIANCHICHANYELIANYIRANGENGZU。GUANJIANCAILIAOZHANGQIYILAIGUOWAI,YIDANZAOYUJINSHOU,WOGUODERANLIAODIANCHICHANYEBIANMEIYOULEJICHUZHICHENG。

28 高端焊接电源

《国产焊接电源“哑火”,机器人水下作业有心无力》(科技日报6月20日)

WOGUOSHIHAIYANGDAGUO,YONGYOU300DUOWANPINGFANGGONGLIHAIYU,ZHENGZAIDALIFAZHANGAODUANHAIYANGZIYUANKAIFAHEHAIYANGWEIQUANZHUANGBEI。HAILIDESHEBEIYIDANCHUXIANKAILIEDENGGUZHANG,XUYAOYONGYOUGONGYEZHIZAO“FENGRENJI”ZHICHENGDEHANJIEZHUANGBEIXIUBU。SHENHAIHANJIEDESHIXIANKAOSHUIXIAJIQIREN。

SUIRANWOGUOSHIQUANQIUZUIDAHANJIEDIANYUANZHIZAOJIDI,NIANCHANNENGYICHAO1000WANTAITAO,DANGAODUANHANJIEDIANYUANJIBENSHANGRENGBEIGUOWAILONGDUAN。WOGUOSHUIXIAJIQIRENHANJIEJISHUYIZHINANYITISHENG,YUANYINSHIGAODUANHANJIEDIANYUANJISHUSHOUZHIYUREN。GUOWAIHANJIEDIANYUANQUANSHUZIHUAKONGZHIJISHUYIXIANGDUICHENGSHU, GUONEIDERENGYIMONIKONGZHIJISHUWEIZHU。

29 锂电池隔膜

《一层隔膜两重天:国产锂电池尚需拨云见日》(科技日报6月21日)

广东11选5ZUOWEIXINNENGYUANCHEDE“XINZANG”,GUOCHANLILIZIDIANCHI(YIXIAJIANCHENGLIDIANCHI)MUQIAN“TIAO”DEHAIBUGOUWEN。DIANCHISIDAHEXINCAILIAOZHONG,ZHENGFUJICAILIAO、DIANJIEYEDOUYISHIXIANLEGUOCHANHUA,WEIDUGEMORENGSHIDUANBAN。

GAODUANGEMOJISHUJUYOUXIANGDANGGAODEMENJIAN,BUJINYAOTOURUJUEDEZIJIN,HAIXUYAOYOUQIANGDADEYANFAHESHENGCHANTUANDUI、CHUNSHUDEGONGYIJISHUHEGAOSHUIPINGDESHENGCHANXIAN。GAODUANGEMOMUQIANYIRANDALIANGYILAIJINKOU。

30 医学影像设备元器件

《拙钝的探测器模糊了医学影像》(科技日报6月25日)

MUQIANGUOCHANYIXUEYINGXIANGSHEBEIDEDABUFENYUANQIJIANYILAIJINKOU,ZHISHAOYAOHUA10NIAN、20NIANCAINENGDADAOBIERENDEXIANYOUSHUIPING。ZAICHUANTONGYIXUECHENGXIANG(CT、CIGONGZHENDENG)SHANG,ZHONGGUOZUIZAODEZHUANLIBIMEIGUOPINGJUNWAN20NIAN。

ZAIZHUANLISHULIANGSHANG,MEIGUOSHIWOGUODE10BEI。ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHENGGECHANYEYIJINGWANQUANZHANGWOZAIGUOWAIQIYEDESHOULILE,SUOYOUDEZHISHICHANQUAN,SUOYOUDEYUANCHUANGCHENGGUO,SUOYOUDEKEYANJILEIDOUZAIGUOWAI,ZHONGGUOZHIZHANHENSHAODEYIBUFEN。

31 超精密抛光工艺

《通往超精密抛光工艺之巅,路阻且长》(科技日报6月26日)

广东11选5CHAOJINGMIPAOGUANGGONGYIZAIXIANDAIZHIZAOYEZHONGYOUDUOZHONGYAO,QIYINGYONGDELINGYUNENGGOUZHIJIESHUOMINGWENTI:JICHENGDIANLUZHIZAO、YILIAOQIXIE、QICHEPEIJIAN、SHUMAPEIJIAN、JINGMIMOJU、HANGKONGHANGTIAN。“TASHIJISHULINGHUN”。

广东11选5MEIRILAOLAOBAWOLEQUANQIUSHICHANGDEZHUDONGQUAN,QICAILIAOGOUCHENGHEZHIZUOGONGYIYIZHISHIGEMI。HUANYANZHI,GOUMAIHESHIYONGTAMENDECHANPIN,BINGBUDAIBIAOKEYIFANGZHISHENZHIFUZHITAMENDECHANPIN。

32 环氧树脂 

《环氧树脂韧性不足,国产碳纤维缺股劲儿》(科技日报6月27日)

TANXIANWEIZHILIANGNENGBIJINSHULVQING,DANQIANGDUQUEGAOYUGANGTIE,HAIJUYOUNAIGAOWEN、NAIFUSHI、NAIPILAO、KANGRUBIANDENGTEXING,QIZHONGYIGEGUANJIANDEFUHEFUCAIJIUSHIHUANYANGSHUZHI。

DANMUQIANGUONEISHENGCHANDEGAODUANTANXIANWEI,SUOSHIYONGDEHUANYANGSHUZHIQUANBUDOUSHIJINKOUDE。MUQIAN,WOGUOYINENGSHENGCHANT800DENGJIAOGAODUANDETANXIANWEI,DANRIBENDONGLIZHANGWOZHEIYIJISHUDESHIJIANSHISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI。XIANGBIYUTANXIANWEI,WOGUOGAODUANHUANYANGSHUZHICHANYELUOHOUYUGUOJIDEQINGKUANGGENGWEIYANZHONG。

33 高强度不锈钢

《去不掉的火箭发动机“锈疾”》(科技日报6月28日)

广东11选5YONGYUHUOJIANFADONGJIDEGANGCAIXUJUBEIDUOZHONGTEXING,QIZHONGGAOQIANGDUSHIBIXUMANZUDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO。RANER,BUXIUGANGDEQIANGDUHEFANGXIUXINGNENG,QUESHIYUHEXIONGZHANGBANNANYIJIANDEDEMAODUNTI。HUOJIANFADONGJICAILIAORUGUORUGUOYANZHONGSHENGXIU,JIANGDAILAIHENDAYINGXIANG。WANQUANYIKAOCAILIAOZISHENSHIXIANGAOQIANGDUHEFANGXIUXINGNENGJIANBEI,ZHEISHISHIJIEXINGNANTI。

广东11选5XIANZAI,WOGUOHANGTIANCAILIAODADUOYONGDESHIGUOWAISHANGSHIJILIUQISHINIANDAIYONGDECAILIAO,FADAGUOJIAZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGHUIYANGEKONGZHIZAZHIHANLIANG,RUGUOCHUNDUBUDABIAO,BIANZHONGXINHUILU,DANGUONEICHANGJIAWANGWANGQUEFAZHEIZHONGYANJINDETAIDU。

34 数据库管理系统

《数据库管理系统:中国还在寻找“正确打开方式”》(科技日报7月2日)

MUQIANQUANSHIJIEZUILIUXINGDELIANGZHONGSHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGSHIOracleHEMySQL,DOUSHIJIAGUWENGONGSIQIXIADECHANPIN。JINGZHENGZHEHAIYOUIBMGONGSIYIJIWEIRUANGONGSIDECHANPINDENG。JIAGUWEN、IBM、WEIRUANHETeradataJIJIAMEIGUOGONGSI,ZHANLEDABUFENSHICHANGFENE。

SHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGGUOHUOYEYOUSHICHANGFENE,DANZHISHIGELINGTOU,QIWENDINGXING、XINGNENGDOUWUFARANGSHICHANGXINFU,YINXING、DIANXIN、DIANLIDENGYAOQIUJIDUANWENTUODEQIYE,BUHUIKAOLVGUOHUO。

35 扫描电镜

《扫描电镜“弱视”,工业制造难以明察秋毫》(科技日报7月3日)

SAOMIAODIANZIXIANWEIJING,YIZHONGGAODUANDEDIANZIGUANGXUEYIQI,TABEIGUANGFANDIYINGYONGYUCAILIAO、SHENGWU、YIXUE、YEJIN、HUAXUEHEBANDAOTIDENGGEGEYANJIULINGYUHEGONGYEBUMEN,BEICHENGWEI“WEIGUANXIANGJI”。

MUQIANWOGUOKEYANYUGONGYEBUMENSUOYONGDESAOMIAODIANJINGYANZHONGYILAIJINKOU,MEINIANWOGUOHUAFEICHAOGUO1YIMEIYUANCAIGOUDEJIBAITAISAOMIAODIANJINGZHONG,ZHUYAOCHANZIMEI、RI、DEHEJIEKEDENGGUO。GUOCHANSAOMIAODIANJINGZHIZHANYUE5%—10%。